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Ghana ( i / ˈ ɡ ɑː n ə / ), officially the Republic of Ghana , is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy , located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean , in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means "Warrior King" in the Soninke language. 
The etymology of the word Ghana means " warrior king" and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval Ghana Empire in West Africa, but the empire was further north than the modern country of Ghana in the region of Guinea. 
Ghana was inhabited in the Middle Ages and the Age of Discovery by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms in the Southern and Central territories. This included the Ashanti Empire , the Akwamu , the Bonoman , the Denkyira , and the Mankessim Kingdom.